Student Lecture Halls
(Piazza Paleocapa 2 -- 2nd floor - Torino, ITALY)
The PEL Seminars at the IUC of Turin On November 8th 2011
Dr. Vincenzo Lauriola (Ciencias Humanas e Sociais at Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia)
"Indigenous Lands, commons, juridical pluralism and sustainability in Brazil. The Raposa Serra do Sol case: nature conservation facing opportunities and risks of ethnocentrism."
The legal outline and commons' status of Indigenous Lands in Brazil is illustrated, in order to analyse their actual and potential contribution for sustainability, as well as the role of juridical pluralism. After characterizing Indigenous Lands as a juridical "anomaly" in modern western law systems, being neither public nor private property, their classification in terms of "common property" is proposed. Then the relation between commons and sustainability is discussed, on the basis of theoretical analysis and empirical data. An analysis of overlaps between Conservation Areas and Indigenous Lands is developed upon the Raposa Serra do Sol case in the Brazilian Supreme Court. Whereas the relevance of juridical pluralism for sustainability needs to mould public policies for sustainability, Brazilian political and judiciary powers provide contradictory signals.